Latin America and the Caribbean

One of the outcomes of the TNA has been the identification and selection of wave energy as a highly relevant technology to be included in Uruguay’s mitigation efforts. Preliminary estimates shows that, by incorporating wave energy into its renewable energy mix, Uruguay could potentially reduce emissions by 318,000 tCO2e per year.  

Uruguay is located between Argentina and Brazil and has a coastline stretching 680 km along the South Atlantic Ocean. It has traditionally been more affluent than other countries in South America and is known for its advanced education and social security systems and liberal social laws. Uruguay is a significant agricultural producer and exporter. Livestock especially is very important in its contribution to GDP, as well as being one of the main sources of rural employment. Uruguay faces climate hazards such as droughts and floods, and as rainfall is projected to increase in the entire country by 10-20% on average, floods are becoming a severe threat. In 2015 alone flooding led to 20,000 people being displaced. Accordingly, the TNA has focused on climate risk management.

The Technology Action Plan details a pilot project that proposes to install Geotubes, one of the prioritized technologies, in the coastal city of La Floresta. Submerged Geotubes will help mitigate imminent erosion problems along the coast. By establishing local know-how and technical capabilities, the project’s objective is for La Floresta to promote the technology, as well as serve as the centre for the further diffusion and transfer of Geotubes to other relevant cities and areas along the coast.

Uruguay completed its TNA in 2017. Uruguay’s NDC has identified some of the components of the TNA as actions under adaptation and mitigation efforts that Uruguay needs to take in order to reach its NDC targets.

Uruguay’s TNA contributes to the following Sustainable Development Goals:

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Priority technologies for adaption

  • Agriculture – livestock
    • Drought management: monitoring at the territorial level and monitoring at producer level
  • Terrestrial and coastal ecosystems
    • Strengthening capacities in relation to prevention of and responses to coastal disasters
  • Water resources – surface and underground water quality
    • Model of integrated management of water resources: monitoring and information
  • Health – populations vulnerable to extreme events
    • Early warnings of extreme temperature events for human health
  • Risk areas for urban locations
    • Early flood-warning system
  • Climate services (across sectors)
    • Create a space for the coordination and promotion of climate services within the scope of the National System of Response to Climate Change (SNRCC)

Priority technologies for mitigation

  • Agriculture sector – livestock for meat and wool
    • Sustainable management of natural pastures by increasing carpet height (translation issues)
    • Animal comfort: provision of water and shade
  • Industry and energy sector – renewable energy
    • Wave energy
  • Transport sector – road passenger vehicles
    • Implement a vehicle energy-efficiency labelling system, according to the UNIT standard 1130: 2013
    • Expand the mandatory technical inspection of vehicles
    • Strengthen and expand current programs of efficient driving and vehicular maintenance for professional drivers of public and private fleets
    • Introduction of new economic, tax and financial incentives, based on vehicle efficiency
    • Introduction of minimum vehicle-efficiency standards, in parallel with the standards for vehicular emissions of pollutants