The Comoros started on its TNA process in 2020 as part of the TNA IV project, at which point it has decided its priority sectors and technologies for both mitigation and adaptation. The country is now at the Barrier Analysis and Enabling Framework stage.
The Comoros are made up of four islands: Ngazidja (French: Grande Comore), Mwali (French: Mohéli), Nzwani (French: Anjouan) and Maore (French: Mayotte). The nearest countries to the Comoros are Mozambique, Tanzania, Madagascar and the Seychelles.
The Comoros, as an island developing nation, is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The main hazards related to climate change are increases in temperatures and sea levels, changes in precipitation and more intense tropical cyclones, the modification of the wind regime and the acidification of the ocean.
The economy of the Comoros is highly dependent on agriculture, which constitutes approximately 50% of its GDP, and the majority of the population lives in coastal areas. In the Comoros rural and coastal communities, as well as farmers who often lack the capacity to withstand climate hazards, are highly impacted by climate change.
In its NDC, the Comoros stresses that a strong focus will be built on enforcing regulations for the restoration of degraded areas. The Comoros’ NDC also highlights the promotion of intensive agriculture and increasing the involvement of women and communities in environmental decision-making in view of their growing role in the development of the domestic economy.