Timor Leste


Timor Leste is starting on its TNA process in 2020 as part of the TNA IV project, at which point it will start deciding its priority sectors and technologies for both mitigation and adaptation.

Timor Leste is an island country in Southeast Asia consisting of the eastern half of the island of Timor, the islands of Atauro and Jaco, and the exclave of Oecusse. It neighbours Indonesia and Australia.

Timor Leste is one of the world’s most vulnerable islands to natural disasters. Indeed, the island faces a high risk of earthquakes, tsunamis, cyclones and heavy rainfall, aggravated by its limited infrastructure and inadequate social safety-net programs. Timor Leste is experiencing an increase in temperatures, extreme rainfall events and sea levels. Such climate change-related hazards threaten to exacerbate the risks of flooding, storms and landslides, negatively impacting the country’s food security. It is crucial for Timor Leste to build resilience against such hazards, since more than 70% of the country’s population relies on climate-sensitive and rain-fed agriculture as its main source of income.

As a result, and as highlighted in its NDC, the country needs to build resilience in the following sectors: agriculture and livestock to ensure its food security; water resources; human health; biodiversity; and ecosystems adapted to natural disasters.

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Prioritized sectors for adaptation:

  • Sustainable Land Management (Agriculture)
  • Infrastructure and Natural methods to prevent erosion (Land Management)

Prioritized sectors for mitigation:

  • Energy efficiency in transportation
  • Rehabilitation of degraded lands

Get in touch

Abrao Joaquim Desa

TNA Coordinator for Timor Leste